The United Nations first defined genocide in 1948 in The Genocide Convention. The treaty outlines that any of the acts commited with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religous group constitutes as genocide. Below are four acts of the five outlined in the treaty that Myanmar is guilty of commiting.
1. Killing members of the group.
Many U.N. agencies, independent experts, and human rights organizations have reported the Myanmar Army, NaSaKa, and Myanmar Police Force have used lethal violence against Rohingya in Rakhine State. Witnesses have reported state forces joining in on local killings and massacres of Rohingya rather than intervening to protect them.
2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm.
Rohingya women and girls are constantly subjected to rape by the Tatmadaw, NaSaKa, and the Myanmar Police Force. Rape is used as a weapon to control and demean an entire village, as it often takes place inside mosques or in front of children, causing life-long trauma. Torture is also used as a means to erase Rohingya identity. The Sentinel Project for Genocide Prevention reported the NaSaKa beat and tortured Rohingya until they agreed to register as Bengali.
3. Deliberately inflicting conditions of life calculated to bring about the group’s physical
destruction in whole or in part.
Besides being displaced from their homes, Rohingya are denied medical care, sanitation, food, and paid labor opportunities. Journalists and human rights organizations have described the IDP camps where 140,000 Rohingyas reside as ‘unlivable ghettos’. Myanmar security forces have prevented Rohingya from leaving the IDP camps to seek jobs, food, or medical assistance.
4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births.
In 1993 and 2005, The Border Region Immigration Control Headquarters and the Township Peace and Development Council of Maungdaw issued population control policies that state the Rohingya population is reproducing faster than “international standards” of population increase. The authorities offered no evidence to support these claims. In order to get married, Rohingya must agree to have no more than two children. Anyone who has more than two children are subject to prison sentences of up to ten years.
Macron says Rohingya crisis in Myanmar is 'genocide'
September 21, 2017
Macron's use of the word "genocide" marks his strongest verbal attack yet on the military drive against the Rohingya.
Seven Noble Laureates Acknowledge the Genocide in Burma
September 15, 2016
Nobel Laureates Tawakkol Karman from Yemen, Adolfo Perez Esquivel from Argentina, Desmond Tutu from South Africa, Jody Williams from the United States, Shirin Ebadi from Iran, Leymah Gbawee from Liberia, and Mairead Maguire from Northern Ireland describe the situation of the Rohingya in Burma as a genocide.
International Tribunal Verdict
September 22, 2017
The Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal (PPT) is an international opinion tribunal, independent from any state authority. It examines cases regarding violations of human rights and the rights of people.
It's not Ethnic Cleansing. It's genocide.
September 28, 2017
What is the importance of the word genocide and why it is a big deal?
Help BTF Stop the Rohingya Genocide
October 4, 2017
Scholarly articles that acknowledge the situation in Burma as a Genocide:
The Slow-burning Genocide of Myanmar Rohingya
University of Washington | June 2014 | by Maung Zarni and Alice Cowley
Over the past thirty-five years, the state in Myanmar has intentionally formulated, pursued and executed national and state-level plans aimed at destroying the Rohingya people in Myanmar. This destruction has been state-sponsored, legalized, and initiated by a frontal assault on the identity, culture, social...
Persecution of the Rohingya Muslims: Is Genocide Occurring in Myanmar's Rakhine State? A Legal Analysis
Allard K. Lowenstein International Human Rights Clinic at Yale Law School | October 29, 2015 | by Alina Lindblom, Elizabeth Marsh, Tasnim Motala, and Katherine Munyan
This legal analysis considers whether the ongoing attacks on and persecution of the Rohingya Muslim population in Myanmar constitute genocide, as defined by the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the...
The Threat to Burma’s Minorities
Harvard Gazette | November 7, 2014 | By Alvin Powell, Harvard Staff Writer
Burma's Rohingya people are being slowly squeezed from their homeland by decades-long government policies that critics say deny them citizenship, health care, work, and schooling, with such tactics punctuated by...
Burma's Million-Strong Rohingya Population Faces 'Final Stages of Genocide,' Says Report
Time Magazine | October 29, 2015 | By Rishi Iyengar
Despite the U.S.-led rolling back of economic sanctions and internationally backed national elections taking place early next month, more than a million people in Burma are facing state-sponsored genocide, according to a new...
Myanmar's Democratic Transition: What does that mean for the Persecuted Rohingya?
Research Conference, the University of Oxford | May 11, 2016 | Hosted by the South Asian Research Cluster, Wolfson College, Oxford University
Objectives: To bring together researchers and practitioners in international law, history, public health, sociology, politics, and economics as well as Rohingya human rights defenders...